08. 12. 2019.

Beta carotene

β-carotene is a strong red-orange pigment. It is to be found predominantly in plants and fruit and is contributing to orange color of various kinds of fruits and vegetables – the most prominent example is the carrot.

Plant carotenoids are the primary dietary source of pro-vitamin, and are absorbed in the small intestine. The efficiency of absorption is estimated at 9-22 %, depending on the form of β-carotene (cooked or raw vegetable, in extras), input of fat and oil at the same time, current level of vitamin A and β – carotene.

Particularly rich sources of β-carotene are raw palm oil, yellow and orange fruits like mango and papaya, orange root vegetables like carrots, sweet potatoes, zucchini and green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale. Interestingly, the crude palm oil has 10 times higher content of β-carotene than carrots. Beta carotene is an important vitamin supplement and natural dye.

CAS:                          7235-40-7

Molecular formula:            C40H56

Molecular mass:               536,87 g mol−1
 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).