22. 10. 2018.

Industrial salt in tablets

Salt is a dietary mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride and is essential for life.

It is of crystal structure and color varies from white through pale pink to grayish, depending on origin and way of obtaining it.

The story of salt is one of the oldest in the history of mankind and very much linked to development of our culture and civilization.  3 000 years ago, our ancestors knew to appreciate it as it ensured their survival and created living space.  Humans settled where they were able to find salt.

Very quickly, salt has become the foundation of the booming trade and creation of power – it is an interesting fact that once the most powerful forces of the world, the

Habsburg monarchy, exercised over one fifth of its national product just by production of salt.

Salt is one of the most valuable natural materials and has variety of purposes – improving taste of food, chemically pure pharmaceutical salt for infusion, salt for sprinkling roads in winter conditions and as a strategic resource for the industry.

Salt is the base for about 10 000 products in various industries.

Before refrigeration was possible, back 200 years ago, salt was the only mean of preserving and conserving food.

There are 3 kinds of salt according to method of getting it: rock salt, sea salt and salt cooked.  Rock salt in form of powder or tablets is most commonly used for industrial purposes.

CAS:                          7647-14-5
Molecular formula:            NaCl
Molecular mass:               58,443 g mol−1
 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).