05. 10. 2022.

Sodium bicarbonate


Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate is a white, fine powder.

It has salty, alkaline taste and is an integral part of many minerals. It has been known for a long time and has wide application.

Sodium hydrogen carbonate can be used for washing and removal of acidic impurities from liquids.

It is simple solution to increase total alkalinity of water and pH balance. It is well known for its application to medical purposes – most known is, probably, its function as an agent for the treatment of gastric acid, helping with poor digestion and heartburn.

In food industry, it is widely used as an ingredient in production of baking powder and similar products in which it reacts with other components to release carbon dioxide, thus helping the dough to “rise”.


CAS:                          144-55-8

Molecular formula:            CHNaO3

Molecular mass:               84,01 g mol−1

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).