18. 09. 2019.

Dextrose

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

Natural form (D-glucose) is also called dextrose, especially in the food industry. Glucose is universal fuel in biology.

Perhaps the diversity of glucose usage (as compared with fructose) can be explained by its availability in primitive biochemical systems. Chemical bonding of glucose and fructose produces sucrose, while starch, cellulose and glycogen are some of glucose polymers (polysaccharides).

Glucose is commercially produced by hydrolysis of starch which can be obtained from a variety of crops – while, for example, it is almost exclusively corn in the USA, rice, wheat, cassava, etc. are being used in various other countries.

Because glucose is a basic need for many organisms, proper understanding of its chemical structure has provided a large contribution to the overall progress in organic chemistry.

In food industry, dextrose has very wide application in the production of the spice mixtures for the meat industry, ice cream, bakery, production of powder products, etc.

CAS:                          50-99-7

Molecular formula:            C6H12O6

Molecular mass:               180,16 g mol−1
 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).