02. 06. 2020.

Dehydrated potato

Potatoes are one of the most widespread and abundant vegetables in the world – in fact, they are the world’s fourth largest food crop after rice, wheat and corn.

It was brought to Europe from America in 1536. There are about five thousand potato varieties in the world and most modern ones were grown in North America. It is easily grown with little effort and can easily be adapted to various climates.

Potatoes contain vitamins and minerals that are vital for human nutrition such as vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B6, and, in traces, thiamin, riboflavin, folic acid, niacin, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc.

Nutritionally, potatoes are best known for their carbohydrate content.

Dried potato granules or cubes are used in the food industry, primarily the production of ready-made soups.

 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).