08. 12. 2019.

Dehydrated mushroom

Fungus is fleshy plant, usually above the soil surface or on a food source.

Standard for the name “mushroom” is cultivated white mushroom, button-shaped and the word is most often used for mushrooms that have root, stem and cap.

Many species of mushrooms seemingly appear overnight, growing and spreading very quickly.

Edible mushrooms are often used in cooking in many kitchens of the world.

Many of them are rich in fiber and are source of vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, biotin, ascorbic acid (vitamin C).

Most of about 30 000 species of mushrooms scattered around the world are edible and less than 1% are fatally poisonous.

Dried mushroom powder, granules or flakes are used in food industry in production of instant soups and various sauces.

 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).