30. 11. 2022.

Agar agar

Agar is powder obtained by extraction and drying of mucus substance which we get processing seaweed Gelidium.  It is derived from polysaccharides which are accumulated in cell walls of red algae.  It appears in the market in the form of dry, white to pale yellow powder.  Colour depends on purity degree of substance.  The word “agar” comes from agar-agar, the Malay name for algae (Gigartina, Gracilaria) from which the jelly is produced.  It is also known as Kanten, Chinese grass or Japanese fish gel (isinglass).  Various species of alga or seaweed from which agar is derived are sometimes called Ceylon moss or Jaffna moss.

Agar is used as laxative, vegetarian gelatin substitute, thickener for soups, in jellies, ice cream and other desserts (it is an important ingredient in desserts all over Asia) as well as clearing agent in production of beer.  It is also used as supplement to the culture medium in which plant or bacterial cultures are grown under sterile conditions, i.e. as cultivating medium for microbiological testing and work.  It also retains moisture – when mixed with water, it becomes a soft gel.






CAS:                                       9002-18-0

Molecular  formula:             (C12H18O9)n


Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).