08. 12. 2019.

Sesame seeds

Sesame seeds contain 45-60 % oil which is used for cooking, preparing salads and production of margarine.

Rich in protein, they are favorite foodstuff in Oriental and North African countries.

They are extremely rich in iron, magnesium, manganese, copper and calcium and also contain vitamin B1 and vitamin E.

Sesame has highest content of antioxidants among plants from which edible oils are produced.

In bakery, sesame is used for sprinkling the pastry and bread as well as the addition to bread. They are also addition to sweet and salty “snacks” and cakes.

Perhaps it is interesting to note that “Open up, Sesame!”, a famous phrase from the Arabian Nights, originated from specialty of sesame seed pods, which opens when it reaches maturity.

 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).