30. 11. 2022.

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)


Vitamin B2 or riboflavin is B-complex vitamin which is used in form of salts soluble in water.

It is often called “growth factor” and “cell respirator”. It is involved in metabolic processes of the entire body and is essential in the exploitation of energy from food.

That makes its role role in maintaining health in humans and animals crucial. It is orange-yellow powder of bitter taste.

Recommended daily allowance (RDA) for healthy adult women are 1,2 to 1,3 mg and were 1,4 to 1,7 mg for healthy men.

Besides being used as a dyestuff in production of certain foods (spices, etc.), it also has wide application in production of baby foods, breakfast cereals, pasta, sauces, processed cheese, fruit drinks, vitamin fortified dairy products and some energy drinks.

Riboflavin is present in wild asparagus, bananas, spinach, cheese, milk, meat, eggs and fish.

CAS:                           83-88-5

Molecular formula:             C17H20N4O6

Molecular mass:                376,36 g mol−1

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).