08. 12. 2019.

Sunflower seeds

Sunflower seeds are found in plant fruits and are rich in vegetable fats, vitamins, proteins and minerals.

They have almost the same amount of proteins as steak and are an excellent source of dietary fiber, vitamin E, vitamin B and minerals such as potassium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, selenium, calcium and zinc.

Seeds are usually classified according to form of their shells. There are black (also known as oilseed rape), striped (which are primarily used for food) and whitish which, currently, have no commercial usage.

Sunflower seeds are, at the same time, food and raw materials for food industry, primarily for production of oil and in bakery industry.

In the future, sunflower oil could become a renewable bio-source for hydrogen.

 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).