12. 11. 2019.

Aspartame

E951

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder. It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

It was first synthesized in 1965. whilst its usage in food products was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in 1980.

It was, then, approved in several EU countries during the same year and, in 1984., in all Member States. Because of fact that it contains phenylalanine, it should be avoided by people with phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare genetic disorder.

The latest medical and scientific data indicate that, at the current level of consumption, aspartame is a safe non-nutritive sweetener. Like other peptides, it has very low caloric value of 4 kcal (17 KJ) per gram.

Since the amount necessary to achieve a sweet taste is so small that it makes the caloric contribution negligible, aspartame is a very popular sweetener for those trying to avoid calories from sugar. The taste of aspartame is identical to that of sugar – the sweetness of aspartame can be felt slightly later than that of sugar, and lasts longer.

CAS:                       22839-47-0

Molecular formula:         C14H18N2O5

Molecular mass:            294,3 g mol−1
 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).