18. 01. 2020.

Dried leek

Leek is a vegetable that belongs to the same family as onions and garlic.  The edible part of leek is a bundle of sheets of membrane which is called stem.  It is very durable and many species can remain in soil during the winter to be opted as necessary.  Dried specimens from archaeological sites in ancient Egypt, as well as wall carvings and drawings, indicate that leek was part of the Egyptian diet of at least second millennium BC onwards.  Perhaps it is interesting to note that leek was favorite vegetable of the Emperor Nero, who was consuming it in soup or in oil, believing that it is beneficial for the quality of his voice.  It is also one of the national emblems of Wales, which is related to an old legend.  In Romania, leek is a symbol Oltenia, historical region in southwestern part of the country.
Dried leek has wide application in the food industry – is a common ingredient of soup, a variety of spices and spice mixtures.  Its distinctive, yet mild flavor, perfectly suits to a number of products in which it may not be the dominant component.

 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).