02. 06. 2020.

Cyclamate (sodium) – sweetener

E952

Artificial sweetener cyclamate is 30-40 times sweeter than sugar.

It was discovered in 1937. by University of Illinois graduate student Michael Sveda. Like many other artificial sweetener, its sweetness was discovered by accident.

In production of soft drinks, cyclamate is almost always used in combination with other sweeteners (e.g. aspartame, acesulfame and saccharin), resulting in a synergistic effect in the finished product.

It is also used as a sweetener in pharmaceutical products. In high concentrations, it leaves bitter “aftertaste” which is one of the reasons for mixing with other sweeteners. This artificial sweetener causes controversy to this day – its status with the FDA is unclear and under continuous processes, and it is approved in more than 60 countries.

 

CAS:                          139-05-9

Molecular formula:            C6H12N NaO3S

Molecular mass:               201,22 g mol−1
 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

Ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is powder or crystal of white to pale-yellow color with antioxidant properties.

The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

Glucose is a simple sugar, monosaccharide, and is one of the most important carbohydrates.

It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

Tomato concentrate is a thick paste made from mature tomatoes from which seeds and skin have been removed.

There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).