08. 12. 2019.

Acesulfame-K

E950

Acesulfame is an artificial sweetener in the form of white crystalline powder.  It is completely free of calories and 180-200 times sweeter than sugar.

It is also known as acesulfame K or Ace K (K as a symbol for potassium).  It was accidentally discovered in 1967. by German chemist Karl Clauss.  “United States Food and Drug Administration approved its usage in 1993., while EU approved  it in 1991.

In production of soft drinks, acesulfame is almost always used in combination with other sweeteners (e.g. aspartame, cyclamate and saccharin), which results with synergistic effect finished products.  It is also used as a sweetener in pharmaceutical products.

In high concentration, acesulfame leaves bitter “aftertaste” which is one of the reasons for mentioned mixing with other sweeteners.  Research shows that it is safe to consume acesulfame if concentration in any form is less than 3 %.

CAS:                          55589-62-3

Molecular formula:            C4H4KNO4S

Molecular mass:               201,242 g mol−1
 

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener in the form of granules or powder.

It is sweeter than sugar approx. 200 times and used as its replacement in production of food and beverages.

Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is the sodium salt of natural non-essential amino acid of glutamic acid.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder.

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The name is derived from a (“not”) and scorbutus (“scurvy”), disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C.

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It is used as an energy source in animals and plants. It is also one of main products of photosynthesis and serves as a starting substance for respiration.

At room temperature, citric acid is a white crystalline powder, easily soluble in water.

It can be obtained from lemon, but is usually derived from sugar by fermentation, using molds.

Carrot is a root vegetable of, usually, orange, purple, red, white or yellow color.

In ancient times, carrot was used as a medicinal herb because it contains substantial amounts of vitamins and various minerals.

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There are 2 production processes – “hot” and “cold break“. The “Hot break” process heats tomatoes to about 100° C, “cold break” occurs at about 66° C..

Tomato powder is obtained by drying tomato concentrate in several ways.

Commercially, most common are AD (“air dried”) and SD (“Spray Dried”).